Tutorial 1 - French Dates and Numbers

In this tutorial, you will learn to spot, understand and translate French dates and general words that are present indicating time, The days, months, years and hours are spelled out usually located at the beginning of each record. Though, sometimes it can be located at the every end of the record

IT's confusing at first, but with study and ' Dates and Numbers flash lists" you will get the hang of it.

Let's start with the names of the days, months, numbers to 20 and years:

mil = thousand janvier -January
cent = hundred février - February
an(s) = year(s) mars - March
mil six cent = (1600) avril - April
mil sept cent (1700) mai - May
mil huit cent (1800) juin - June
mil neuf cent (1900) juillet - July
  août - August
un - one septembre - September
deux - two octobre - October
trois - three novembre - November
quatre - four décembre - December
cing - five 7bre - September
six - six 8bre - October
sept - seven 9bre - November
huit - eight 10bre - December
neuf - nine  
dix - ten dimache - Sunday
onze - eleven lundi - Monday
douze - twelve mardi - Tuesday
treize - thirteen mercredi - Wednesday
quatorze - fourteen jeudi - Thursday
quinze - fifteen vendredi - Friday
seize - sixteen samedi - Saturday
dix-sept - seventeen  
dix-huit - eighteen mois - month
dix-neuf - nineteen heure - hour
vingt - twenty jour - day
vingt-et-un - twentyone aujourd'hui - today
trente - thirty hier - yesterday
quarante - forty avant-hier - the day before yesterday
cinquante - fifty dernier - last
(as in last year, month or week)
soixante - sixty du matin - morning
soixante-dix - seventy demain -tomorrow
septante - seventy  
quatre-vingt - eighty  
quatre-vingt-dix - ninety  
nonante - ninety  

French Republican Calender

What is the French Republican Calender?
French Republican Calender Convertor
Autumn months
Vendémiaire, Brumaire, Frimaire
Winter Months
Nivôse, Pluviôse, Ventôse
Spring Months
Germinal, Floréal, Prairial
Summer Months
Messidor, Thermidor, Fructidor
Days of the Week
primidi (first day)
duodi (second day)
tridi (third day)
quartidi (fourth day)
quintidi (fifth day)
sextidi (sixth day)
septidi (seventh day)
octidi (eighth day)
nonidi (ninth day)
décadi (tenth day)

The following are examples of years:

mil six cent (1600) quatre-deux (42): mil six cent quatre-deux = 1642
mil sept cent (1700) neuf (9): mil sept cent neuf = 1709
mil huit cent (1800); vingt (20): mil huit cent vingt = 1820
mil six cent soixante neuf : 1669
mil sept cent quatre-ving et un: 1781
mil huit cent quatre-ving treize: 1893
mil neuf cent cinq: 1905
'nonante' is sometimes used to denote 90 as in mil huit cent *nonante cinq : 1895
'septante' is sometimes used to denote 70 as in mil huit cent septante deux: 1872

Now, let's start putting it together:

"L'an mil huit cent quatre-vingt dix - The year 1890
le vingt-un mai - (the) 21 May
à sept heures du matin - seventh hour in the morning; 7:00 am
L'an mil huit cent quatre-vingt dix, le vingt-un mai à sept heures du matin
Extractable information:
*Date of birth: May 21 1890; optional: born 7:00 am

Example of an older record: "aujourd'hui lundi, de six jour d'août mil sept cent trente-cinq - Today, Monday, the sixth day of August 1735
The important information: *Date of baptism: Aug 6 1735, optional: Monday

The French Republic Calender

And just when you were getting all this down pat, along comes the French Republican Calender. This is one that begs for a brick wall to smash. Remember the French Revolution? That is where it began; 1792 to 1805. To read about this confusing system, you can study it at this site. You can download a chart here It's a crazy system, but then it was a crazy time. In a nutshell, there are 12 months, 10 days of the week and 14 'decades' plus complimentries (compli) days, and years are in Roman numerals. Don't despair there is a way to 'conquer' it by using an online Converter. This is the one I use is here

Let's use an example:
onze (day) floreal(month) VIII (year)or onze floreal ans huit. Use the online converter to convert to our Gregorian date. On the web page, the converter has a pull down menu for both Republican and Gregorian. In the Republican space,, select the day, month, and decade (which will be in numeral numbers and then click the Gregorian button. It will be May 1, 1800. Now, you try convertering Republican to Gregorian (and visa versa).

Convert these dates (and don't forget the complimentery days):
cinq frimaire an IV;
sept frutidor six ;
27 Brumaire an II;
2 j.compli. an XIII ;

Use the French Republican Calender Convertor

You'll be encountering this calender in the some of the records

Now, you are one more step ahead

Next, you'll be examining and studing Tutorial 2 -Key Phrases . Onward!